B. tyroni has three sibling species: B. neohumeralis, B. aquilonis, and B. Little information is available on the attack time for most fruits but few Bactrocera spp. Anterior spiracles: 9-12 tubules. [Management of Fruit Flies in the Pacific. The first "Olympic" sterile insects reared in a high-tech factory in South Australia have been released into the wild to help combat Queensland fruit flies. Rome, Italy: FAO. B. tyroni lay their eggs in fruit. Approximately one third are frugivorous and around 250 are considered economic pests, with 23 of these known to be serious pests in Australia, Oceania and tropical Asia (White and Elson-Harris, 1992; Vijaysegaran, 1997). Adults occur throughout the year in 4-5 overlapping generations and overwinter as adults; up to 70 individuals have been recorded as developing from a single infested fruit (Christenson and Foote, 1960). Pest-Free Areas 2 Pest-Free Areas 09/2018 Brazil South American cucurbit fruit fly (Anastrepha grandis) The portion of Brazil bounded on the north by the Atlantic Ocean; on the east by the River Assu (Acu) from the Atlantic Ocean to the city of Assu; on the south by High-way BR 304 from the city of Assu (Acu) to Mossoro, and by Farm Road RN–015 … Alan Meats, University of Sydney, Australia. Queensland fruit fly spreads from infested plants to nearby fruit and vegetables, and by people sharing or travelling with home grown fruit or vegetables. Control efforts include submerging post-harvest fruit and treating fields of fruit trees with the chemicals dimethoate and fenthion. Male sternite 5 V-shaped posteriorly. Handbook of the Fruit Flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) of America North of Mexico. by Allwood AJ, Drew RAI]. tryoni has a distribution almost entirely sympatric with B. neohumeralis, and both species attack a similar range of hosts, although B. tryoni is by far the more damaging. What is Species Distribution Modelling (SDM) • Estimation of potential geographical ranges of a species … Citrus reunited. Tergite 3 dark laterally and basally.  Additionally, it was found that emergence and flight ability remained unaffected by the ionizing event. Proceedings of a BARD Workshop, Israel, March 2000. World Crop Pests 3(B). Australian Entomologist. No transverse markings. Locations. Abstract CLIMEX is used to analyse the potential distribution of the Queensland fruit fly in relation to long-term average meteorological data. Australia is free from many species … Crop Protection, 29(5):462-469. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/02612194, Mabberley DJ, 2000. Bactrocera tryoni (Queensland fruit fly); adult. IPPC, 2014. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. B. tyroni are responsible for an … T1 with 9-13 discontinuous rows; T2 with 4-7 rows dorsally and laterally, and 4-8 rows ventrally; T3 with 3-6 rows dorsally and laterally, and 3-5 rows ventrally. Despite this pressure, the pest has historically been absent from the Yarra Valley region, allowing fruit and vegetable production to thrive without intervention from expensive and intensive QFF management techniques.  All of these flies are sympatric, meaning that they inhabit the same territory, except B. aquilonas, which inhabits a different geographical area in northwest Australia. Males of B. tryoni are attracted to cue lure, sometimes in very large numbers. The Bendigo region has also experienced increased urban QFF pressure and occasional outbreaks have occurred in the inner Melbourne area. Seasonal abundance, distribution, hosts and taxonomic placement of Dipterophagus daci Drew & Allwood (Strepsiptera: Dipterophagidae). Yeast autolysate bait sprays for control of Queensland fruit fly on passionfruit in Queensland. Dorsal and ventral spiracular hair bundles of 12-17, broad, stout, often branched hairs; lateral bundles of 5-9 similar hairs. Postpronotal lobe (=humerus) without a seta. Horticultural mineral oil (HMO) is strongly repellent to female B. tryoni and can be used successfully to protect fruit in small crops, including home gardens (Nguyen et al., 2007; Meats et al., 2012).Male Suppression/Annihilation Techniques and SIT. Suspect fruits should be cut open Detection & Inspection. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 122(3):215-221. http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/loi/eea, Osborne R, Meats A, Frommer M, Sved JA, Drew RAI, Robson MK, 1997. This indicates that males sterilized via a low dosage of radiation were equally as competitive as males that were not irradiated. As well as managing these established fruit flies, Australia also focuses on ensuring exotic species, including Oriental fruit … It infests all commercial fruit crops, other than pineapple and strawberry. Tergites not fused. Consequently, no comprehensive list of parasitoid records is given here; those listed were extracted from Waterhouse (1993) and Wharton and Gilstrap (1983). A Regional Symposium, Nadi, Fiji. Plants … In South Australia an effective concentration was found to be strongly phytotoxic due to its high salt content.  Thus, they are most widespread in eastern Australia, as well as New Caledonia, French Polynesia, the Pitcairn Islands, and the Cook Islands. In Australia potential losses if fruit flies were not controlled have been estimated at A$100 million a year (Anonymous, 1986), and most of this would be attributable to B. tryoni. 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